How to protect children on their Smartphones

Article on the subject of eSafety (Supplied by TigerMobiles.com)
How to protect children on their Smartphones

How to Protect Your Children on Their Smartphone

At the start of the 2014-2015 school year, 59% of UK parents reported that they planned on getting a smartphone for their children. And smartphones have plenty of apps to entertain children, help them with their homework, and more. But just like anything else that’s connected to the internet, parents need to make sure their kids are safe while using smartphones. Here are some tips on how they can do that.

Basic Best Practices

The Internet Keep Safe Coalition–a nonprofit organization dedicated to keeping children safe online–recommends that children understand the 3 Cs of the internet:

  • Contact – Do your children really know that person they’re friending on social media?
  • Content – Is the content your child is watching appropriate for their age or maturity level?
  • Conduct -Is your child bullying or being bullied by others while online?

Parents should speak to their children about what other kids are doing with their phones. This will help parents:

  • Understand what their children see as social norms
  • Better explain to their children what is and is not appropriate

Parents should set clear guidelines for their children regarding certain topics, including:

Texting while driving (for those with teens)

  • Texting while driving makes accidents 23 times more likely to occur

Sexting

  • Sending sexually inappropriate pictures or messages is not only unacceptable, those message are permanent and can easily be shared with others

Phone-free times

  • Consider making certain times, such as family meals or from 9 PM to 8 AM, phone-free times
  • Kids can place their phone in a certain area, or parents can restrict phone usage at specific times by managing their data plan

Cyberbullying

  • Let children know that they can speak to you if someone harasses them online or through text
  • Children should also be aware of the harm they can cause by bullying or abusing others

Sharing their personal information

Personal information, such as full name, address, or phone number should:

  • Never be given out to strangers
  • Not be posted online where anyone can see it

Making in-app purchases

  • Many apps (not just games) allow users to purchase additional content and features
  • Children should know whether they are allowed to make purchases, and if not, the consequences for purchasing things without parental permission

In addition to speaking to their children, parents can go through their service providers and directly manage smartphone usage through their data plan. Many service providers allow parents to:

  • Set limits on texts, data, purchases or voice minutes
  • Receive alerts on phone activity
  • Monitor number of texts and other usage
  • Review and block contacts
  • Review apps (and add money to be used to purchase apps)
  • Lock phone usage on-demand or at specific times

N.B. Please be aware that children may be able to get around parental settings by accessing public WiFi.

How to Keep Kids Safe on Popular Apps

To comply with COPPA (Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act), most services like Facebook and Snapchat require their users to be at least 13 years old. Keep in mind children can lie about their age in order to sign up for sites.

If parents allow their children to use these apps, they should know the following:

Snapchat

Snapchat
Snapchat

What it is:

Users can send photos and videos that delete themselves after a few seconds

Risks:

  • May encourage risky behavior
  • Teens may think that since the inappropriate photo or video will be deleted, it doesn’t matter
  • Pictures and videos are not gone forever
  • With technical knowhow, they can be retrieved
  • A screenshot of the screen with another device can also capture the image

What to do:

  • Ensure children know that anything digital (including “self-destructing” pictures and videos) can still be shared with others
  • Manage account settings so that your child can only receive pictures from their friends list, as opposed to everyone
  • Follow up by monitoring their friends list

Kik Messenger

Kik Messenger
Kik Messenger

What it is:

  • A texting app that doesn’t limit number of characters or texts
  • Many services that allow parents to limit texts will not affect messages on Kik

Risks:

  • Kik has numerous ads and in-app purchases
  • It’s easy for children to contact people they don’t know on Kik

What to do:

  • Review your child’s contact list
  • Make sure your children know they should never share personal information with someone on Kik (or any other app)
  • Kik users have the option to turn on a feature called Address Book Matching that connects the user to other people in their contact list
  • Keep this feature turned off, and only people who know your child’s username will be able to contact them

Facebook

Facebook
Facebook

What it is:

  • Popular social media network
  • Users can send messages, share posts and pictures and connect with people around the world

Risks:

  • Easy to post personal things publically
  • Photos, statuses, and other things posted on Facebook may be visible to people that shouldn’t see them
  • Both college admission officers and potential employers may check your teenager’s social media presence
  • Even old posts can affect children in the future

What to do:

  • Manage privacy settings
  • Users can choose whether to share things publically or only with their friends
  • Kids should know they don’t have control over who shares their information once it’s posted
  • Review your child’s friends list and messages

Instagram

Instagram
Instagram

What it is:

  • A photo and video sharing/editing app that allows users to comment on and share their photos and videos publicly or with their followers

Risks:

  • Unless users modify their privacy settings, everything they share will be public
  • Everything users share can easily be shared with others (even if they don’t want them to be)

What to do:

  • Ensure your child’s account is private
  • Only their approved followers will be able to see their photos
  • It’s still possible to find and connect with someone even if they have a private profile

Parental Control/Monitoring Apps to Consider

Many phones offer parental controls. While each phone is different, parental controls can generally be found in the phone’s settings.

Apple products:

  • Setting > General > Restrictions


Android devices:

  • Settings > Add user or profile
  • From here, parents can: Toggle on/off apps they want their child to access (including internet browsers)
  • To restrict app/in-app purchases parents must access the Google Play account – Settings ? Change account so any purchase requires their password
  • They should also modify their account (in Security) so that apps can only be downloaded from the Google Play store

Windows phones:

  • Go to My Family on the Windows phone website
  • Manage their “Family,” which includes: Parental accounts & Child accounts
  • Once in My Family, parents just have to click on “Change settings”

Generally, parental controls allow parents to:

  • Restrict purchases
  • Add a password to the phone
  • Block off apps
  • Remove the ability to change privacy settings
  • And more

Parents can also use apps to keep their kids safe:

Mobile Guardian

Mobile Guardian
Mobile Guardian

Available on: Apple, Android, Blackberry and Kindle

Cost: Can pay monthly or annually

Features (Note: Features are available on all devices):

  • Remove ability to text while driving
  • Block off periods of time when the device cannot be used
  • View and block contacts
  • Receive web browsing reports
  • Receive an email if phone turns off or goes out of reach
  • Locate and track device

Screen Time

ScreenTime
ScreenTime

Available on: Android

Cost: Can pay monthly, biannually, or annually

Features:

  • Manage times when the device can be used
  • Set timers for apps
  • Once a time limit has been passed, the app can’t be used until a password is entered
  • Allow certain apps not to be used during school or bedtime
  • Parents can add additional time usage as a reward
  • For example, give more screentime when kids complete their chores
  • Receive reports when children buy apps and on general app usage
  • Parents can pause children’s devices from their own phones

Qustodio


Qustodio

Available on: Apple, Android and Kindle

Cost: Free version is available, but with limited features. Subscriptions available with annual payments

Features:

  • Schedule times when the device can be used
  • Monitor social media usage (including Twitter and Facebook)
  • Advanced Facebook monitoring features include:
  • Status updates
  • Relationship status updates
  • Pictures uploaded
  • Track device location
  • Block specific games and apps
  • Monitor apps, search, and web usage (and ensure SafeSearch is used)

Net Nanny

NetNanny
NetNanny

Available on: Apple, Android and Windows

Cost: A variety of licenses and subscriptions are available; Prices vary by device

Features (Note: Features depend on the license chosen):

  • Filter web searching
  • Set times when the device can/cannot be used
  • Block porn
  • Mask profanity
  • Choose which apps can and cannot be used
  • Monitor social media usage
  • Receive activity reports

TeenSafe

Teensafe
Teensafe

Available on: Apple and Android

Cost: Users pay monthly for control over unlimited devices

Features (More features are available for Apple than Android):

  • Monitor messages (text, Kik and WhatsApp)
  • Can see sent, received and deleted text messages
  • See incoming and outgoing calls (including numbers and call duration)
  • View browsing and search history
  • Track current phone location, as well as location history
  • View social media activity
  • Only requires child’s user info to access the device

My Mobile Watchdog

My Mobile Watchdog
My Mobile Watchdog

Available on: Apple and Android

Cost: Monthly subscription after a two-week free trial

Features (Note: Many features are not available on Apple devices):

  • Manage contact list
  • Receive alerts when user contacts anyone besides those on the “Approved Contacts” list
  • Block specific websites and apps
  • Manage times when the device can be used
  • Monitor pictures sent and received
  • Review web usage and visited websites
  • Review text and call histories

Zoodles Kid Mode

Zoodles Kid Mode
Zoodles Kid Mode

Available on: Apple and Android

Cost: Free, though a paid premium account offers additional features

Features:

  • Parents can create a digital “playground” on their device
  • Includes free educational games, videos, and storybooks
  • Children cannot leave the playground without parental permission

On the premium version parents can:

  • Block specific apps, sites, or characters
  • Receive reports on which subjects kids are spending time on
  • Add non-Zoodles apps (like Angry Birds)
  • Record themselves reading a storybook
  • Receive video from trusted people
  • Set time limits on how long the device can be used for

MMGuardian

MM Guardian
MM Guardian

Available on: Android

Cost: Monthly and annual subscriptions are available

Features:

  • Parents can monitor devices from their own phones or a website
  • Lock and unlock device remotely
  • Set time limits (for the device in general or specific apps)
  • Track location (on-demand or at specific times)
  • Monitor texts and calls
  • Option to receive more detailed reports on calls and texts
  • Set up alerts if certain keywords appear in texts
  • Web filters
  • Prevent phone use while driving (above 10mph)

Whether parents decide to rely on apps, phone settings, or simply talking to their children to keep them safe, they need to be aware of the risks smartphones can pose to their children. Just like with every other portal to the internet, parents should make sure their children understand the dangers posed by their online activities. Posting a private picture or firing off an angry tweet may have consequences years in the future.

Sources

Introduction

https://www.tigermobiles.com/2014/08/smartphones-top-list-back-school-gadgets/

Basic Best Practices

http://www.ikeepsafe.org

http://www.parentfurther.com/technology-media/cell-phones/boundaries

http://www.textinganddrivingsafety.com/texting-and-driving-stats/

https://www.aap.org/en-us/about-the-aap/aap-press-room/news-features-and-safety-tips/Pages/Talking-to-Kids-and-Teens-About-Social-Media-and-Sexting.aspx

http://www.parentfurther.com.php53-8.dfw1-2.websitetestlink.com/technology-media

http://www.nspcc.org.uk/preventing-abuse/keeping-children-safe/online-safety/

http://nobullying.com/

How to Keep Kids Safe on Popular Apps

http://www.coppa.org/

https://www.commonsensemedia.org/blog/15-apps-and-websites-kids-are-heading-to-after-facebook

http://www.connectsafely.org/wp-content/uploads/snapchat_guide.pdf

http://appamatix.com/5-best-kik-secrets-2014/

https://blogs.mcafee.com/consumer/mobile-security/does-kik-messenger-pose-a-danger-to-your-kids

https://kikinteractive.zendesk.com/entries/24745228-How-can-I-keep-my-Kik-account-private-

http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/social-networking-websites

http://www.connectsafely.org/pdfs/fbparents.pdf

https://safesmartsocial.com/facebook-for-kids-parents-guide/

https://www.facebook.com/help/325807937506242/

https://help.instagram.com/116024195217477/

Parental Control / Monitoring Apps

https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201304

http://www.pcadvisor.co.uk/how-to/google-android/3461359/parental-control-on-android/

http://www.windowsphone.com/en-us/how-to/wp8/apps/set-up-my-family-for-windows-phone

http://www.tomsguide.com/us/pictures-story/596-best-parental-control-apps.html

https://mobileguardian.com/

https://screentimelabs.com/pricing/

https://play.google.com/store/apps

http://www.qustodio.com/en/

http://www.netnanny.com/

http://www.teensafe.com/

http://www.howlifeworks.com/technology/How_to_Monitor_Teens_Online_and_Texting_Activity_to_Keep_Them_Safe_701

https://www.mymobilewatchdog.com/

http://www.zoodles.com/en-US/home/faqs

https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.zoodles.kidmode&hl=en

http://www.mmguardian.com/

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